'attentional focus' in ballet training Gabriele Wulf Phd & Clare Guss-West MA




“If - everyone … could make this 2.0 communication upgrade, they would experience immediate improvement in everything they do. No magic pill, device needed!”



Mark Verstegen, President & Founder EXOS, Phoenix, Arizona - coaching Bayern Munich Football Team. G. Wulf & M. Verstegen. Personal communication, October 24, 2011






Practical application of 'attentional focus' research findings to ballet training IADMS conference, Basel 2014

Research on the effects of 'attentional focus' has consistently demonstrated that motor performance and learning are enhanced by

an ‘external’ focus (i.e., on the movement effect)

relative to


an internal’ focus (i.e., on body movements)



Wulf, G. (2013). Attentional focus and motor learning: A review of 15 years. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6, 77-104.

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